Following are excerpts
from an interview with leading Sunni scholar Sheik Yousuf Al-Qaradhawi,
which aired on Al-Hayat 2 TV on December 17, 2010.
I conduct dialogue with the Christians, but if the Jews join the dialogue,
I say "no" – until they lift their injustice from upon us.
I am not against Judaism.
I am not anti-Semitic or anti-Jewish. How can I be anti-Semitic, when
I am Semitic myself? I am an Arab, and it is well known that the Arabs
are Semites. From the racial perspective, the Jews are our cousins.
We are the descendants of Ishmael, and they are the descendants of Jacob
[sic]. We Muslims are not racists.
Islam maintains relations
with Jews and Christians, on condition that they are not hostile to
the Muslims. A Muslim man cannot marry an Israeli woman. He can marry
a woman from among the [Jews] who are against Israel, but not a Jewish
Israeli woman, or a Jewish woman who supports Israel.
Some people believe that
we should fight and kill any infidel. This is not true. We fight only
those who fight us.
French colonialism settled
in Algeria and annexed it to France, but it did not harm the local people.
The Zionist settlement, in contrast, is replacing the local people.
According to Islamic
law, in any country that is invaded and occupied by foreign infidels,
all the local people should conduct resistance against the occupation,
using all the means at their disposal. The jurisprudents said that a
woman can set out on Jihad without her husband's permission, a child
can set out on Jihad without his father's permission, and a slave can
set out without his master's permission. All the people should set out
on Jihad. "There is no obedience to a creature in disobedience
to the Creator."
The right of the collective
supersedes the right of the individual. if the local people are incapable
of confronting the [enemies], who are stronger and better prepared than
them, their neighbors need to help them.
All the Muslims must
help, each according to his ability – with money, with weapons, with
expertise. If they have no expertise in anti-tank warfare, they can
offer their expertise in the manufacturing of missiles. In such a case,
a collective duty becomes an individual duty, incumbent upon all Muslims.
[The Jews] are the most
miserly of all people and the most protective of their lives, yet they
devote their lives and their money [to their cause]. The Muslims worldwide
must contribute to the regaining of Palestine. Palestine is not merely
Islamic land. It is the land of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and of the holy places.
I am against the hudna,
as I have written. I have debated this with the leading Islamic scholars,
like Sheik Abd Al-Aziz Ibn Baz and the Sheik of Al-Azhar. They sanctioned
peace with Israel. I am against the peace process. I consider this to
be a false peace, because this is an Israeli peace, in keeping with
the Israeli will, not in keeping with what we want.
What kind of peace is
this? From the days of Madrid and Oslo to this day, have we achieved
anything? We have achieved nothing but illusions.
The martyrdom operations
which I approve are the ones that target the occupiers. That is why
I sanctioned martyrdom operations in Palestine. When I was asked, in
London, how I could permit martyrdom operations in Palestine, I said
that they are a necessity, because these people want to defend themselves,
the things that are holy to them, and their land. I said to them: "You
want them to stop the martyrdom operations? Then give them Apache helicopters,
planes, tanks, and missiles, and then they will abandon martyrdom operations."
They do not have bombs, so they turn themselves into human bombs. This
is a necessity.
I permit this for the
Palestinians, but not for those who attacked the Twin Towers in the
US, because in that case, the passengers of four civilian planes were
killed, who were not to blame. In what way were those passengers to
blame? Many of them were Arabs or Muslims, and were from various countries,
and had nothing whatsoever to do with politics. Take the people inside
the towers – they were just employees in companies, and some were
even Muslims, who prayed on Fridays. How were they to blame?
I only sanction martyrdom
operations in defense of a plundered and occupied land.
The [Shiites] are more
organized than us, and they were able to confront the US. They did so
when they took hostages in the US embassy [in Tehran], and again with
their [uranium] enriching capabilities.
I have often said that
I am against the Shiization of Sunni communities, but that I defend
Iran's right to possess nuclear power for peaceful purposes, and that
I will fight anyone who fights it. After all, Iran is an Islamic country,
and we are happy that it is strong. It should reassure its neighbors,
as we have often heard it say that its power is not directed against
They want to pit us one
against the other, but we must not pay any heed to these words and these
Satanic insinuations. The Islamic countries should all be a single force,
and support one another, despite the differences between the various
denominations and groups.
We have a single goal
– the regaining of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and of Palestine from those
The worst disease from
which our nation suffers is the loss of freedom. We are not free to
think or do what we want. Most of our countries have been ruled by emergency
laws for decades. We cannot establish political parties. There were
times when anybody could establish a party.
Nobody can establish
a political party. The [rulers] will say that a certain party reeks
of religion. What, is religion something that is forbidden? Just because
I say: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger,"
I am forbidden to participate in the political process in my own country?
They warn that the Copts
might establish a political party. Let them do so. Who said that only
the Church can speak for the Copts? I see no problem in having an Islamic
or a Christian party.
I prefer to let people
have the maximum freedom, in political, civic, and economic matters,
over the implementation of the shari'a. I do not believe that
the shari'a can be implemented in a just and proper manner in
the shadow of tyranny and oppression.